The Belgian Presidency of the European Union (EU) held a major conference on child poverty, Who Cares? Roadmap for a Recommendation to fight child poverty, in Marche-en-Famenne on 2nd and 3rd September 2010. The conference was organised by the Presidency in collaboration with the King Baudouin Foundation, UNICEF, Eurochild and the European Commission. It was attended by some 300 participants from around Europe active in the field of child poverty and child well-being. They included European, national, regional and local policy makers, practitioners and experts on child poverty, NGOs, the social partners and academics and researchers. In addition there were video inputs from children on the issues under discussion.